Publications

October 12, 2020

Offshore Tax Evasion and Wealth Inequality: Evidence from a Tax Amnesty in the Netherlands

As long as there have been taxes, people have tried to avoid and evade them. Interest in these phenomena has been fueled by the effects on public revenues, as well as on the distribution of wealth and income....

October 1, 2020

Dutch tax treaties and developing countries - a network analysis -

CPB analyses six tax treaties of the Netherlands with developing countries. These treaties are part of a tax network of more than 100 countries. CPB determines the tax burden on dividend, interest and royalty flows over...

December 19, 2019

Limitation of holding structures for intra-EU dividends: A blow to tax avoidance?

This article analyses the recent rulings from the European Court of Justice in two Danish cases and examines their possible impact on international tax avoidance.

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June 26, 2019

Dutch Shell Companies and International Tax Planning

This paper uses the financial statements of special purpose entities (SPEs) for explaining the origin and destination of dividend, interest, and royalty flows passing the Netherlands.

January 24, 2019

Conduit country the Netherlands in the spotlight

The Netherlands is an important link in the chain of diverting income flows: broader use of withholding taxes is necessary to combat international tax avoidance.

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February 1, 2018

Fiscal incentives and the choice of organization form in the Netherlands

This paper studies the impact of fi scal incentives on the choice of organizational form.To determine the fiscal incentive we construct the alternative before-tax income and simulate the tax incentive.

November 22, 2017

Cheaper and More Haircuts After VAT Cut? Evidence From the Netherlands

We study the effect of the reduction in the VAT rate on services by hairdressers from 17.5 to 6 percent in the Netherlands in January 2000.

April 25, 2017

Tax arbitrage incentives for mortgage prepayment behavior: Evidence from Dutch micro data

This paper exploits a unique set of Dutch micro data to analyze the response in prepayment behavior to changes in incentives for prepaying.

April 5, 2017

Optimal Tax Routing: Network Analysis of FDI diversion

The international corporate tax system is considered as a network and, just like for transportation, ‘shortest’ paths are computed, minimizing tax payments for multinational enterprises when repatriating profits. We include corporate income tax rates, withholding taxes on dividends, double tax treaties and the double taxation relief methods.

June 30, 2016

The political economy of tax reforms

In the Netherlands, major tax reform proposals sometimes are adopted and converted into policy, but often they are not. This CPB Policy Brief focuses on why this is so.