Publications


October 3, 2017

The effect of geographical distance on online transactions: Evidence from the Netherlands

The rise of online trade alters the role of distance between (potential) buyers and sellers. We use data from eBay subsidiary Marktplaats.nl, one of the largest online trading platforms in the Netherlands, to estimate how distance affects the probability of a transaction between small geographical regions.

July 3, 2017

Cyber Security Risk Assessment (CSRA) for the Economy

Society is digitising. The five most valuable companies in the world are ICT companies. The Dutch population makes extensive use of the Internet, and the government is also focusing increasingly on the use of digital means. This digitisation also involves an increase in the economic importance of cyber security.

July 7, 2016

Do national borders slow down knowledge diffusion within new technological fields? The case of big data in Europe

Big data technologies enhance the storage, processing, and analysis of large data sets and can be applied economy-wide. Despite this potential, only one percent of big data patents come from Europe.

July 6, 2016

Cyber Security Risk Assessment for the Economy

This cyber security risk assessment (CSRA) in intended to provide insight into the underlying causes, consequences and magnitude of cyber risks; thus, helping policymakers and businesses to understand and prioritise those risks.

June 8, 2015

More R&D with tax incentives? A meta-analysis

R&D tax incentives are widely used to stimulate private R&D. We review their effectiveness using meta regression analysis.

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April 29, 2015

What drives cybercrime? Empirical evidence from DDoS attacks

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are a frequently occurring type of cybercrime, with potentially large costs to the real economy. We propose a simple model of the size and direction of DDoS attacks.

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July 7, 2014

Targeted advertising, platform competition and privacy

Targeted advertising can benefit consumers through lower prices for access to websites. Yet, if consumers dislike that websites collect their personal information, their welfare may go down.

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June 12, 2014

Choosing privacy: How to improve the market for personal data

Businesses and the government are all collecting more and more personal data, and they use these data ever more intensively. This is mostly to the benefit of citizens, but not in all cases.