May 27, 2021

Brave new data – Policy pathways for the data economy in an imperfect world

Data are playing an increasingly important role in our economy. Companies use data to improve and innovate their products and services.

May 27, 2021

Policy Options for the Data Economy – a Literature Review

The data economy has drastically altered our lives in the last two decades. Search engines and smartphones have become ubiquitous. Sharing of data is a key element of the data economy....

April 30, 2021

Business dynamics during the COVID pandemic

The corona crisis has visible consequences for economic activity in the Netherlands. In 2020, 6.5% fewer businesses with at least 2 employees were established. This decline is not limited to the sectors most affected by health restrictions, such as the hotel and catering industry, as almost every sector saw a decrease in the number of starters last year.

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March 10, 2020

Cyber incidents, security measures and financial returns: Empirical evidence from Dutch firms

This CPB discussion paper investigates the cybersecurity of Dutch small and medium-sized enterprises, the security measures they take and the relationship thereof with financial...

October 17, 2019

Cyber Security Risk Assessment 2019

Persistent risks, new risks and uncertainty.

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July 4, 2019

Insights into the NCSC security advisories

In the Netherlands the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) is the central organization for cyber security. The Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security (JenV) requested CPB to conduct data-driven research into the...

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July 3, 2017

Cyber Security Risk Assessment (CSRA) for the Economy

Society is digitising. The five most valuable companies in the world are ICT companies. The Dutch population makes extensive use of the Internet, and the government is also focusing increasingly on the use of digital means. This digitisation also involves an increase in the economic importance of cyber security.

July 6, 2016

Cyber Security Risk Assessment for the Economy

This cyber security risk assessment (CSRA) in intended to provide insight into the underlying causes, consequences and magnitude of cyber risks; thus, helping policymakers and businesses to understand and prioritise those risks.