September 26, 2017

Exact Nonlinear and Non-Gaussian Kalman Smoother for State Space Models with Implicit Functions and Equality Constraints

In this paper, I present a novel implementation of the exact nonlinear and non-Gaussian Kalman smoother that can also deal with implicit functions in the measurement and/or state equations as well as equality constraints.

August 15, 2017

Capital structure determinants and adjustment speed: An empirical analysis of Dutch SMEs

This paper presents empirical evidence of both the determinants and the adjustment speed of capital structure of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Netherlands.

July 6, 2017

A lost generation? The early career effects of graduating during a recession

We estimate the effect of graduating during a recession on the early careers of high educated graduates in the Netherlands between 1996 and 2012. Exploiting field-specifi c differences in un-employment rates, we fi nd that graduates on average suffer a 2.3% lower wage in a typical recession in their first year.

June 21, 2017

The Performance of Publicly Managed Venture Capital Funds

Governments, when designing support for venture capital financing, face a choice to either sponsor existing private VC funds or organize and manage their own public VC funds.

June 16, 2017

The Elasticity of Taxable Income for the Self-Employed: Heterogeneity across Reforms and Income Levels

This paper studies the causal relation between effective marginal tax rates for the self-employed and their taxable income using panel data for the period 1999-2012. This period contains three tax reforms that we use to identify the elasticity of taxable income (ETI).

June 13, 2017

Using Tax Deductions to Promote Lifelong Learning: Real and Shifting Responses

Policymakers are concerned about potential underinvestment in lifelong learning. In this paper we study to what extent a tax deduction helps to stimulate post-initial training.

June 2, 2017

The urban economics of retail

This paper is the first to document empirically that urban shopping areas have a pronounced centre where the rents are the highest, and a negative rent gradient.

May 12, 2017

Collateral Damage? Decreasing House Prices and Entrepreneurial Lending

We study the effect of housing collateral on entrepreneurial lending in the Netherlands. This residential collateral channel is especially relevant for sole proprietors for whom there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business.

April 25, 2017

Tax arbitrage incentives for mortgage prepayment behavior: Evidence from Dutch micro data

This paper exploits a unique set of Dutch micro data to analyze the response in prepayment behavior to changes in incentives for prepaying.

April 5, 2017

Optimal Tax Routing: Network Analysis of FDI diversion

The international corporate tax system is considered as a network and, just like for transportation, ‘shortest’ paths are computed, minimizing tax payments for multinational enterprises when repatriating profits. We include corporate income tax rates, withholding taxes on dividends, double tax treaties and the double taxation relief methods.