The impact of age at arrival on education and mental health
The Incidence of Pension Contributions
The effect of reinsuring a deductible on pharmaceutical spending: A Dutch case study on low-income people
The basic health insurance in the Netherlands includes a mandatory deductible of currently 385 euros per adult per year. Several municipalities offer a group contract for low-income people in which the deductible is reinsured, meaning that out-of-pocket spending under the deductible is covered by supplementary insurance. This study examines to what extent such reinsurance leads to higher pharmaceutical spending. →
Can we measure banking sector competition robustly?
Estimating migration changes from the EU’s free movement of people principle
We estimate the impact of the free movement of people (FMP) principle on bilateral intra-EU migration stocks using a gravity model. Employing a combination of the World Bank and the UN’s global migration databases, with observations between 1960 and 2015, allows us to analyse the impact of the FMP for most EU member states. →
Causes of regional variation in Dutch healthcare expenditures: evidence from movers
We assess the relative importance of demand and supply factors as determinants of regional variation in healthcare expenditures in the Netherlands. Our empirical approach follows individuals who migrate between regions. We use individual data on annual healthcare expenditures for the entire Dutch population between the years 2006 and 2013. →
The changing landscape of firm financing in Europe, the United States and Japan
Are substitute services a barrier to controlling long-term care expenditures?
The scope of the external return to higher education
This article examines whether the productivity spillovers from a large share of highly educated workers occur within regions, sectors and/or firms. To distinguish between these possibilities, I follow a two-stage procedure to estimate a Mincerian wage equation using matched employer-employee panel data on individual earnings and educational attainment. →