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November 17, 2020

Belastingontduiking en vermogensongelijkheid

Publication (in Dutch only)

Inkeerregeling vergroot belastingopbrengst, ook op langere termijn.

October 12, 2020

Offshore Tax Evasion and Wealth Inequality: Evidence from a Tax Amnesty in the Netherlands


As long as there have been taxes, people have tried to avoid and evade them. Interest in these phenomena has been fueled by the effects on public revenues, as well as on the distribution of wealth and income. One prominent example of tax evasion is the hiding of wealth and income in tax havens. According to estimates by Zucman (2013), 8% of global financial wealth, or $5.9 trillion, is held in tax havens. During the global financial crisis of the late 2000s, the G20 countries vowed to tackle offshore tax evasion and proclaimed the end of the “era of banking secrecy”. In recent years, leaks containing confidential information from financial institutions as well as academic research investigating leaks and tax amnesties have confirmed the popular narrative that tax evasion is concentrated among the wealthiest in society (Alstadsæter, Johannesen and Zucman, 2018, 2019). This does not only affect public revenues, but also the measurement of wealth and income inequality.

October 1, 2020

Dutch tax treaties and developing countries - a network analysis -


CPB analyses six tax treaties of the Netherlands with developing countries. These treaties are part of a tax network of more than 100 countries. CPB determines the tax burden on dividend, interest and royalty flows over the network and computes the impact of diversion of these flows for withholding tax revenues. This analysis is at the request of the Policy and Operations Evaluation Department (IOB) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

December 19, 2019

Limitation of holding structures for intra-EU dividends: A blow to tax avoidance?


This article analyses the recent rulings from the European Court of Justice in two Danish cases and examines their possible impact on international tax avoidance.

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November 11, 2019

Netwerkanalyse van een Nederlandse voorwaardelijke bronbelasting op renten en royalty’s

Publication (in Dutch only)

Nederland wil in 2021 een voorwaardelijke bronbelasting invoeren op uitgaande rente- en royaltystromen naar laagbelastende landen. Op verzoek van het ministerie van Financiën analyseert het CPB in deze notitie de impact van deze voorgenomen maatregel. Voor 108 landen, inclusief 14 laagbelastende bestemmingslanden waarop de bronbelasting betrekking heeft, brengt het CPB de belastingdruk van rente- en royaltystromen in kaart. Met dit instrumentarium wordt het omsluizen van deze stromen over het internationale belastingnetwerk nagebootst op de belastinggegevens voor 2018.

June 26, 2019

Dutch Shell Companies and International Tax Planning


This paper uses the financial statements of special purpose entities (SPEs) for explaining the origin and destination of dividend, interest, and royalty flows passing the Netherlands.

January 24, 2019

Conduit country the Netherlands in the spotlight


The Netherlands is an important link in the chain of diverting income flows: broader use of withholding taxes is necessary to combat international tax avoidance.

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April 5, 2017

Optimal Tax Routing: Network Analysis of FDI diversion


The international corporate tax system is considered as a network and, just like for transportation, ‘shortest’ paths are computed, minimizing tax payments for multinational enterprises when repatriating profits. We include corporate income tax rates, withholding taxes on dividends, double tax treaties and the double taxation relief methods.

June 30, 2016

De politieke economie van de ombouw van de bpm: invoering en reparatie

Publication (in Dutch only)

De grondslag van de aanschafbelasting op personenauto’s, de bpm, werd vanaf 2009 gewijzigd van een heffing op de cataloguswaarde van de nieuwe auto naar een heffing op de CO2-uitstoot van de auto. Daarmee werd beoogd de kopers te prikkelen tot aanschaf van zuinigere auto’s, zodat er een schoner wagenpark zou ontstaan dat bijdraagt aan een vermindering van de uitstoot van CO2.

March 16, 2016

Tax bunching by owners of small corporations


In the Netherlands owners of small corporations face taxation of corporate, labour and capital income. Taxation of the latter may be deferred. We study their options for income shifting using bunching techniques.

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