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June 23, 2022

Economic interwovenness with China through trade: two sides of the same coin

This is apparent from a study by CPB and CBS on the economic interwovenness of the Netherlands and the European Union with China. The Netherlands and Europe benefit from trade with China, and vice versa. However, this trade also creates mutual economic dependence.

Trade with China
March 23, 2022

Analysis of international trade sanctions against Russia

Het effect van de huidige handelssancties tegen Rusland voor Nederlandse economie zijn op termijn beperkt. Bij een eventuele stop van de Russische energietoevoer kan Nederland indirect wel flink geraakt worden o.a. via internationale productieketens.

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November 17, 2020

Belastingontduiking en vermogensongelijkheid

Inkeerregeling vergroot belastingopbrengst, ook op langere termijn.

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October 12, 2020

Offshore Tax Evasion and Wealth Inequality: Evidence from a Tax Amnesty in the Netherlands

As long as there have been taxes, people have tried to avoid and evade them. Interest in these phenomena has been fueled by the effects on public revenues, as well as on the distribution of wealth and income....

October 1, 2020

Dutch tax treaties and developing countries - a network analysis -

CPB analyses six tax treaties of the Netherlands with developing countries. These treaties are part of a tax network of more than 100 countries. CPB determines the tax burden on dividend, interest and royalty flows over...

December 19, 2019

Limitation of holding structures for intra-EU dividends: A blow to tax avoidance?

This article analyses the recent rulings from the European Court of Justice in two Danish cases and examines their possible impact on international tax avoidance.

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January 24, 2019

Conduit country the Netherlands in the spotlight

The Netherlands is an important link in the chain of diverting income flows: broader use of withholding taxes is necessary to combat international tax avoidance.

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April 5, 2017

Optimal Tax Routing: Network Analysis of FDI diversion

The international corporate tax system is considered as a network and, just like for transportation, ‘shortest’ paths are computed, minimizing tax payments for multinational enterprises when repatriating profits. We include corporate income tax rates, withholding taxes on dividends, double tax treaties and the double taxation relief methods.

August 28, 2015

Network Analysis of Tax Treaty Shopping using dividend-based weights

Multi-national corporations can reduce their tax burden on repatriating foreign profits by using third countries, other than the home and host country of the investment, which have more favourable tax treaties.

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