July 6, 2016

Cyber Security Risk Assessment for the Economy

This cyber security risk assessment (CSRA) in intended to provide insight into the underlying causes, consequences and magnitude of cyber risks; thus, helping policymakers and businesses to understand and prioritise those risks. Where possible, the CSRA also discusses government policy options.

It builds on the NCSC’s Cyber Security Assessment Netherlands 2015. These annual assessment reports by the NCSC provide an overview of trends in relation to cyber security. The added value of the CSRA particularly consists of its economic analysis of cyber security, with a focus on market failure limiting cyber security and the ensuing risks to businesses and consumers. The emphasis in the CSRA is on financially motivated cybercrime, whereas the Cyber Security Assessment Netherlands also includes vandalism, activism, terrorism and espionage – all of which can also damage the overall confidence in digital economic communication.

All the data used for this assessment are fully accessible and can be provided by CPB on request. The data sources are provided in the appendix to this report.


Tatiana Kiseleva
Bas Straathof

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