Capital structure determinants and adjustment speed: An empirical analysis of Dutch SMEs
Using an administrative panel data set of the period 2000-2014, containing 153,923 firms, we estimate a partial adjustment model through system GMM. The results show that firm size and profitability reduce debt to assets ratios, while tangible assets, depreciation, and marginal taxes increase them. Growth of assets is either statistically or economically insignificant. The estimated adjustment speed parameter is 0.748, indicating that the adjustment process is particularly slow in the Netherlands.