Seminar "How Substitutable Are Workers? Evidence from Worker Deaths"
Wednesday November 2, Simon Jäger (Harvard University) will present "How Substitutable Are Workers? Evidence from Worker Deaths".
Time: 13.00-14.00 hours
Location: CPB-offic, Bezuidenhoutseweg 30, Den Haag
Presentation: Simon Jäger (Harvard University)
Registration: Email Benedikt Vogt (email@example.com).
The substitutability between workers within a firm, and between incumbent workers and outsiders, matters for understanding the operation of internal labor markets and the consequences of worker turnover. To assess the substitutability of workers, I estimate how exogenous worker exits affect a firm’s demand for incumbent workers and new hires. Using matched employer-employee data based on the universe of German social security records, I analyze the effects of 34,000 unexpected worker deaths and show that these worker exits on average raise the remaining workers’ wages and retention probabilities for a period of several years. These findings are difficult to reconcile with frictionless labor markets and perfect substitutability between incumbent workers and outsiders. The average effect masks substantial heterogeneity: Coworkers in the same occupation as the deceased see positive wage effects; coworkers in other occupations instead experience wage decreases when a high-skilled worker or manager dies. Thus, coworkers in the same occupation appear to be substitutes, while high-skilled workers and managers appear to be complements to coworkers in other occupations. Finally, when the external labor market in the deceased’s occupation is thin, incumbents’ wages respond more and external hiring responds less to a worker death. The results suggest that thin external markets for skills lead to higher firm-specificity of human capital and lower replaceability of incumbents.
CPB organises policy seminars for policy makers, researchers and other stakeholders. These policy seminars focus on policy implications. Policy seminars are held on Thursday from 1.00 pm. to 2.00 pm.
CPB also organises seminars for researchers. During these seminars, normally held on Tuesday from 1.00 pm. to 2.00 pm., academic papers are presented and discussed.