Publications


April 26, 2023

New Tools for Value Chain Analysis

We introduce two novel tools to enhance our understanding of international trade. Through the trade cost index, we compute the complete trade costs within a value chain. With the new gravity model that also incorporates...

April 26, 2023

Netherlands benefits from international policy on tariff costs in value chains

Firms face various trade costs that affect their international competitiveness. These include not only direct tariffs on imports and exports but also less obvious indirect tariffs imposed at different points in the...

July 12, 2022

Saffier 3.0: Estimation results

This technical document supplements the general documentation of the macromodel Saffier 3.0....

December 22, 2021

Saffier 3.0: Technical Background

This paper documents the Saffier 3.0 model that is used for making macroeconomic projections and assessing the responses to fiscal policy changes in the short and medium run. This dual purpose of the model brings with...

Photo of an abacus and the code of the model